What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? 

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a brain-based disorder that is characterzied by: 

  • Social skills challenges 
  • Sensitivity to lights and/or sounds
  • Communication challenges 
  • Nonverbal communication 
  • Restricted repetitive behaviors, activities, and/or interests

According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today. Because autism is a spectrum disorder, there is no one type of autism but many sub-types and variations in presentation. Timing and severity of autism vary; that's why a professional diagnosis is crucial. 

Signs of ASD in Children from Autism Speaks